Kids did a presentation on famous army men of India ! We got to know alot from them !
Subedar Karam Singh
Subedar and Honorary Captain Karam Singh PVC, MM, an Indian soldier, was a recipient of the Param Vir Chakra, India’s highest award for gallantry. Singh joined the army in 1941, and took part in the Burma Campaign of World War II
Born in Sehna village in the Sangrur District of Punjab, Karam Singh was the first non-posthumous Param Vir Chakra awardee. Singh retired from the Indian Army as Honorary Captain in 1948 and died in 1993 at the age of 77. He is also the only Indian to win the highest medals of both the British and Indian governments.
In the aftermath of the independence of India in 1947, India and Pakistan fought over the princely state of Kashmir for a brief period. During the initial stages of the conflict, Pakistan’s Pashtun tribal militias crossed the border of the state, occupying several villages, including Tithwal. That village, being on the Line of Control in the Kupwara Sector, was a strategically important point for India.
India captured the area, and this is also the battle from which Subedar Karam Singh got Param Vir Chakra.
Field Marshal Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw
Field Marshal Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw perhaps a one-off military general who caught the nation by storm. Nicknamed as Sam Bahadur, the most celebrated general had a career in the military spanning four decades. Sam Bahadur fought five wars, beginning from the World War II in 1942. As the Army Chief, Manekshaw led the Indian Army to its momentous victory in the 1971 Indo-Pak war.
- The outbreak of World War II saw Japanese forces invading Burma – which was a British colony in those days.
- In February 1942, Manekshaw saw action in the battle of Sittang bridge.
- During a counter-offensive, he was hit nine times in the stomach by machine-gun fire – but continued to lead his soldiers.
- His exemplary leadership ultimately clinched the crucial Sittang bridge for the Allies.
- So grievous were his injuries that the surgeon operating on him was going to give up on his bullet-riddled body until he asked Sam what had happened.
- To this, the wounded soldier retorted in true Manekshaw-fashion, “Nothing happened, I was kicked by a donkey.”
- A man who could joke at such a time, the surgeon reckoned, had a chance. And he did indeed, going on to become the 8th Chief of Staff of the Indian Army.
- It was his strategy, under which the army launched several preparatory operations in erstwhile East Pakistan such as training and equipping the Mukti Bahini, regular Bangladeshi troops, and 75,000 guerrillas with arms and ammunition.
- These forces were used to harass the Pakistani Army stationed in East Pakistan in the lead up to the war.
- When Prime Minister Indira Gandhi asked Army Chief Manekshaw if he was prepared to go to war with Pakistan, he sought time from the PM and said he could guarantee victory if she allowed him to handle the conflict on his own terms.
1971 War Facts
Subedar Yogendra Singh Yadav
•Subedar Major Yogendra Singh Yadav was awarded the highest war time gallantry medal for his role during the capture of Tiger Hill in Drass during the 1999 Kargil war against Pakistan. Badly wounded, he took out enemy machine gun positions hidden inside bunkers at the icy heights, leading to their recapture by Indian troops.
•Four Indian army personnel were awarded the Param Vir Chakra during the Kargil war, of which two were posthumous: namely, Captain Vikram Batra and Lieutenant Manoj Kumar Pandey. Yadav and Rifleman Sanjay Kumar, who survived the war, were the other two awardees.