Mysteries that invoke interest in India

  1. Son Bhandar caves of Bihar
  2. The disappearance of Indus Valley
  3. Royal treasure at Jaigarh fort
  4. Alien Rock Paintings Of Charama
  5. The Disappearance of Nana Saheb

Son Bhandar caves of Bihar

The cave dates were built during the rule of the Maurya empire from 319 to 180 BCE. The Chaumukha (quadruple) idol discovered inside the cave has a domical top and the stela on each side shows a dharmachakra. Each side has carvings of animals representing the symbol of respective tirthankar – Ajitnatha with two elephants flank the wheel, Sambhavanatha with two monkeys, Shantinatha, with two deers and Rishabhanatha with chawri bearer on each side and flying garland-bearer over the head. This idol dates back to the 7th—8th century CE.

As per an inscription written in Gupta language/characters on a rock at the entrance, these caves were constructed by a Jain muni, meaning ‘wise man’, named Vairadeva, which makes them structures belonging from the 4th century BC.

Legend says that King Bimbisar’s immense treasure was safely hidden in the Son Bhandar Caves when his son Ajatashatru usurped his throne. The name of the cave itself speaks a lot. It translates as gold from ‘son’ with ‘bhandar’ meaning a storehouse – calling itself the Gold Cave.

Sonbhandar translates to A Repository of Gold; and the Sonbhandar Caves are twin cave chambers found in Rajgir, Bihar. Reportedly, the twin caves are believed to conceal a huge treasure that was safely hidden by King Bimbisara, the great king of the Magadha empire.

The disappearance of Indus Valley

The Indus valley Civilization also known as the Indus civilization was a Bronze age Civilization. It is located in a north-western region of South Asia. It was located between 3300 BC to 1300 BC and its mature form in 2600 BC to 1900 BC. Together with ancient Egyptian civilization and Mesopotamian civilization, it is the oldest civilization in Near East and South Asia.

Many scholars believe that the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization was caused by climate change. Experts failed to find evidence of the disappearance. Others say that the rive courses might have changed their direction or a climate change in the region.

In addition to the lack of war, one of the mysteries of the Indus Valley Civilization is the distant lack of references to great leaders in the society. Archeologists couldn’t find a bilingual translation tool for the Indus script, like the Rosetta Stone.

The Theory behind is solved or not

  • Societal collapse (also known as civilizational collapse) is the fall of a complex human society characterized by the loss of cultural identity and socioeconomic complexity, the downfall of the government, and the rise of violence.
  • Some experts believe the drying of the Saraswati River, which began around 1900 BCE, was the cause of climate change, while others conclude that a great flood struck the area.
  • The other reasons are Changes in climate, a decline of trade Mesopotamian might decrease economic rate, etc.

Royal treasure at Jaigarh fort

India is a culturally rich country, due to the many diverse rulers in all of its history. Rajasthan happens to be a site of many monuments, palaces, and forts. Many are now diminished, but a few still stand to tell their legacy. One of them is the Jaigarh Fort. The Jaigarh Fort has a history of around 300 years, spanning from the rule of the Rajputs to the time of Independent India. The events that occurred here, keep this fort of historical and political importance. The Jaigarh Fort, located on one of the peaks of the Aravalli range of hills is built about 400 m above the Amer Fort. It provides an excellent view of Aravalli hills and the Amer Fort down below. The fort is 10 kilometers away from Jaipur city.

This fort was built by Raja Sawai Jai Singh in 1726. It is said, this fort was built for the protection of the Amer fort and the Nahargarh Fort Raja Sawai Jai Singh is also known for building other monuments.

This fort is famous for many things. One of them is the Jaivana Cannon . At the time of its manufacture in 1720, it was the world’s largest cannon on wheels of the Early Modern Era. There was only one test fire from this cannon, which caused the formation of the Jaivana cannon pond , and hasn’t been used

One popular tale of Jaigarh Fort narrates the hiding of treasure by Man Singh I which he had captured from Afghanistan, in the Amer Fort, without the knowledge of Akbar who sent him to this expedition. A few years later, a book called, Haft Tilismat e Amberi , mentions the hidden treasure in Jaipur. The book mentions the treasure being hidden in 7 water tanks, but no one verified its merit.

Many unfruitful attempts were made by the Mughals and later, Britishers to excavate the treasure of Man Singh I. After the independence of India, the ruler of Jaipur was Man Singh II, and had a wife, Gayatri Devi. At the time, Indira Gandhi was the PM of India. To her, Gayatri Devi was a strong political opposition. She had a royal heritage too. Indira Gandhi was worried about princely privileges. Hence, the 26th Constitutional Amendment in 1971 abolished Privy Purses. Due to Navanirman Andolan, JP Movement, and Railway Protests, it led to an unstable situation, on 25 June 1975 & National Emergency was imposed.

Treasure Hunt

The Emergency provided unchecked powers to Indira Gandhi, which made hunting for the treasure easy for her. On 10th June 1976, a raid by Income Tax Department, police, and Army was conducted in the Jaigarh Fort. The fort was destroyed during the raid
and a curfew was imposed nearby the fort area.

Exchange of Letters

There was an exchange of thoughts between Pakistani PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Indira Gandhi. Pakistani PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto wrote a letter to Indira Gandhi on 11 August 1976 asking for half of the Jaigarh treasure, if found. In the end, Indira Gandhi denied any right to Pakistan towards the treasure in a letter.


  • The first theory is so, that, a big treasure was found, which was collected into military trucks and sent to Delhi and flown off to Switzerland.
  • The second theory says that the treasure was found by Jai Singh II and he spent it on building the city of Jaipur.

Alien Rock Paintings Of Charama

The Alien Rock Paintings Are Found In A Cave Near The Town of Charama, The Paintings Depict Human Like Creatures And Disk-Like Objects. The Creatures Depicted In The Painting Have No Facial Features Holding Weapons Like, Objects Dressed In Robes Or Space Suit Like Attire. The Paintings Also Depict A Disk Shaped Object With 3 Three Antennae.

Some Of The People Of Charama Say That Their Ancestors Told Them Stories About “Rohela People”(Small People)  Who Allegedly Came From Space And Kidnapped Some Of Their People.

The Most Probable Explanation Is That The Paintings Resembling Aliens And UFOs Are Coincidence And Are Probably Made By Someone With A Vivid Imagination.

The Disappearance of Nana Saheb

Nana Saheb Peshwa II (19 May 1824 – 24 September 1859), born as Dhondu Pant, was an Indian Peshwa of the Maratha empire. He was an aristocrat and fighter, who led the rebellion in Kanpur (Cawnpore) during the Great Revolt of 1857.

What Makes Nana Saheb’s disappearance a mystery?

Nana himself was reported to be living in the interior of Nepal. Some early government records maintained that he died in Nepal after a tiger attacked him during a hunt on 24 September 1859 but another record differs on the matter. Nana’s ultimate fate was never known.