French Revolution

What was French revolution?

The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. During this period, French citizens razed and redesigned their country’s political landscape, uprooting centuries-old institutions such as absolute monarchy and the feudal system.

The French Revolution was a period in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government.  Lasting 10 years from 1789 to 1799, it began on July 14, when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille- which is now the celebrated Bastille Day (basically the French version of America’s July 4th!)

What caused French revolution?

  • As the 18th century ended, France’s costly involvement in the American Revolution, and extravagant spending by King Louis 16 and his predecessor, had left the country on the brink of bankruptcy.
  • Not only were the royal coffers depleted, but two decades of poor harvests, drought, cattle disease, and skyrocketing bread prices had kindled unrest among peasants and the urban poor. Many expressed their desperation and resentment toward a regime that imposed heavy taxes—yet failed to provide any relief—by rioting, looting, and striking.
  • There were many reasons this war broke out. The bourgeoisie—merchants, manufacturers, professionals—had gained financial power but had no political power. Those who were socially beneath them had very few rights, and most were also extremely impoverished.  When the king aimed to increase the tax burden on the poor and expand it to classes that had previously been exempt, that is when the revolution became inevitable.

What was the significance of French Revolution?

The Revolution altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies and replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. Left-right politics, the national anthem of France, its flag as well as its national day; all originated during the French Revolution.

What were the outcomes of French revolution outcomes?

The French Revolution was a period when the common people fought for freedom and justice. It included the whole population of France and influenced the members of all classes. It evolved the people concerned due to the abolishment of serfdom and absolutism. This gave the farmers of France equal benefits and democracy.

The French Revolution brought about important developments in the community and the government of France. The uprising, which persisted from 1789 to 1799, also had continuing impacts on the peace of Europe. It preceded constitutional models to France but did not make the country a democracy.

Miscellaneous Points

  • What is monarchy?

A monarchy is a form of government in which a person, the monarch, is head of state for life or until abdication. The political legitimacy and authority of the monarch may vary from restricted and largely symbolic, to fully autocratic, and can expand across the domains of the executive, legislative, and judicial.

  • What is a revolution?

Revolution refers to a movement, often violent, to overthrow an old regime and effect. complete change in the fundamental institutions of society. It has far reaching impacts on society. Movements can also be associated with economy, environment or society at large  , when lasting for long periods of time creating significant impact.

Refer: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/revolution

  • What is a Guillotine?

https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Gullotine

  • What is taxation?

A tax is a compulsory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed on a taxpayer by a governmental organization in order to fund government spending and various public expenditures. A failure to pay, along with evasion of or resistance to taxation, is punishable by law.

  • What is a catholic church?

Catholic Church are Pope followers?

  • What is the connection between American revolution and French revolution?

The French Revolution inspired Americans to break away from their mother country. American revolutionaries provided military arms to support the French revolutionaries. The French provided financial support to the American revolutionaries, causing massive debt that led the French king to raise taxes.

  • Which book authored from Charles Dickens had settings of French Revolution?

Charles Dickens wrote a book set during the French Revolution titled A Tale of Two Cities. The book contains some of the most powerful descriptions of the causes and effects of the French Revolution.

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